FAQ

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What is a Mysterium Node?


Nodes are devices, such as an AVADO box, Raspberry Pi or computer, which help power and maintain our distributed network. Most of the internet you pay for goes to waste, sitting idle or completely unused. Peers within a distributed network like ours can easily share these excess internet resources with each other, such as storage, computing power, bandwidth and IP addresses. Any user of the network can pay to connect to your node, providing them with a VPN service, access to the open internet and a secure line of communication. Nodes replace the traditional role of a server. You can run Mysterium's node software on Mac, Linux, Windows, AVADO and Raspberry Pi. Head to My.Mysterium.Network to get onboarded in a few steps.




How do I run a Mysterium Node?


Depending on what kind of device you have, you can follow the tutorials at https://docs.mysterium.network/ Visit our tutorial’s playlist on YouTube https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLDGQyPyNDVB8FxOeIVWuaqh1PNrbp8zpB
If you have AVADO box:
https://docs.mysterium.network/node-runners/setup/avado/
You also can run node on Windows, Linux or Mac through Docker: https://docs.mysterium.network/node-runners/setup/docker/ For Raspberry Pi: https://docs.mysterium.network/node-runners/setup/raspberry-pi/ And for Linux (not Docker): https://docs.mysterium.network/node-runners/setup/linux/ There is an opportunity to run a node on a mobile device, depending on if your mobile provider provides CGNAT or not. If it does, then it's not possible. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carrier-grade_NAT




What is MystNodes.com?


This is where all the magic happens. Through your personal MystNodes.com dashboard, you can create a node runner account, connect your node to your IP address ("claim it"), access your node’s information, track your performance, and see your monthly earnings. Create an account at MystNodes.com




What is whitelisted traffic?


Whitelisted traffic is a technology built by Mysterium that only allows pre-approved traffic from “known” sources to pass through your node. This means you’ll have no problems if someone tries to do anything illegal, because they will not be able to. Your residential IP will open borders for those connecting to them. Unfortunately there are some countries that restrict internet access to their citizens. People will also be able to unlock streaming services based on your region and other blocked content.




How can I get support as a node?


There are plenty of ways to get support: 1. In-app 2. Through our Discord server at https://discord.com/invite/n3vtSwc 3. Through email at help@mysterium.network 4. Through Intercom chat on our website




How do we protect node runners?


Whitelisting We have a whitelisting option available which we recommend to nodes from certain regions (e.g. UK, US, DE) who would like extra protection. This function allows traffic from known sources, however, may result in lower earnings. Exit node guidance There is always some risk when running a node, as is the case with Tor, which has been around for 10 years. You can enable whitelisted traffic and there will be no chance for someone to do anything illegal (like torrenting, accessing illegal websites, etc.) but in some regions you’ll not have any issue if someone accesses torrent websites. If you don’t select the whitelisting option, you increase your risk factor but with it, significantly increase your earning potential. Please make sure you’re up to date with the regulations in your country. https://docs.mysterium.network/legal/
For those who have a greater technological understanding of how to run an exit node safely and protect the privacy of their node running activities from ISPs, this will be a viable option. Please read our guide on running an exit node: https://dvpnalliance.org/exit-node/ For everyday users, it’s best to select the whitelisting option. Relay nodes/multi-hops and traffic slicing (coming soon) At the moment, all nodes are being tested as exit nodes. This is where the whitelisting option comes into play. We will soon add relay nodes with a traffic slicing option. This will allow nodes to only accept traffic from certain domains they choose, such as blogging, social media or streaming sites (ie. Netflix). This preselected (whitelisted) traffic would run through the node, while unwanted traffic would be forwarded to the Tor network, or risk-tolerant exit nodes (eg. hosted in data centers). This will protect nodes and also provide the possibility to unblock geo-blocked content (which is not available for datacenter nodes). We are working on making this feature user friendly and globally accessible. Without client-side traffic slicing (sending only selected traffic such as Netflix via VPN) or relay nodes (a.k.a. multi-hops), using whitelisted nodes may cause additional usability problems. For example, if someone is in Iran, connects to a node which has whitelisted only streaming services, but they want to read Wikipedia, they would not get access.




How can I maximize my earning potential?


1 - Don’t enable the only “whitelisted traffic option” if you’re not based in the following countries: Canada, U.S., UK, Italy, Australia, or India. 2 - Have a strong and stable internet connection. 3 - Run your node 24/7; some user sessions can be very long and if you are disconnected from a client, they will be reconnected to a more competitive node, which means losing that client. 4 - Double-check your configuration and ensure users can access your node. 5 - When users have discovered your node, bookmark it as a favourite. Note that prices will be set based on a supply and demand algorithm for each region. The algorithm will assess the node type, which considers factors such as region, IP location (residential / non-residential), and quality. It could be compared to Uber’s surge pricing, where demand determines price based on the availability of the network. Note that Mysterium isn’t particularly demanding of your CPU, it cares more about bandwidth. If you’re not getting traffic, it could be because your node is poorly configured E.g. Your router is blocking Mysterium traffic, which you’ll need to correct by downloading the Mysterium VPN app and check the connection.




What's the criteria for my IP address?


You can run a node with dynamic IP, it does not have to be static. However, only 1 node per IP address is allowed. We do not support multiple devices under a single internet line. Having multiple nodes will likely to affect your internet connection quality as well as reduce service stability. Each node must be linked to a different residential IP address, so unless you have multiple routers, each with their own IP and node linked to it, it's not possible. Residential = IP in people’s homes. Non-residential = Data center, college or business IP.





What is Mysterium Network?


Mysterium Network is building a decentralised VPN and other tools that allow you to browse the internet freely, earn by sharing your connection, and build censorship-resistant applications. The network itself is made up of residential and non-residential IPs as nodes, which are run in homes, offices and cell phones across the globe.
We want to enable secure access into an open internet for everyone by building technology that makes the internet blind to borders.




How do you encrypt the network?


While both decentralised VPNs and Tor both leverage networks, Tor’s main goal and purpose is to offer anonymity. Mysterium's goal is about censorship-resistance and unblocking content. Tor uses a different encryption method, functioning more similarly to an encrypted proxy, which means that not all traffic from your computer is going via the Tor network. As an encrypted browser, it’s only what you’re browsing or accessing through the browser that is protected (Tor essentially protects its own browser). With a dVPN, we use VPN tunnels. This means you’re protected when you’re accessing apps, browsing content, encrypted messaging services etc. All your internet traffic is going via an encrypted VPN tunnel using UDP communication protocol. Tor is using TCP, which is slower - sometimes up to 10 times slower!




What can you build on Mysterium Network?


There are many different use cases. See our Developer and For Business pages for details. Some general ideas:
1. Unlock any service within your app Full access to the Internet, and maximum user experience. Find out why residential IPs are better than data centre solutions.. 2. Build a VPN service without a system administrator
Plug into Mysterium’s pool of residential IPs with built in discovery, accounting and automation.
3. Get more security/ encryption at a better price
Built in traffic-slicing so your traffic is unblocked automagically. Pay only for what you use. Our network uses OpenVPN and WireGuard© encryption protocols.




How does MYST work in Mysterium Network?


MYST is a type of cryptocurrency known as a utility token. This means it serves a specific purpose as a native digital currency within a particular network or platform.
MYST is the native utility token at the heart of Mysterium. It will power the staking mechanism within the network, and allows you to pay for peer-to-peer VPN services. Instead of paying a regular VPN service to unblock websites and apps, you can use MYST to pay people around the world when you connect to their IP address. Our Tokenomics 2.0 model will create new opportunities for both node runners and token holders alike. Stake your MYST to run a node, or add your tokens to the Mysterium Delegation Pool, to earn rewards in DAI stablecoin. For mor FAQs, check out the Token page.





Network

VPN

Node Runners

What is Mysterium VPN?


Mysterium VPN is the first network use case in action. Our dVPN is our flagship product and showcases the potential of our residential IP network.
Trustless technology Payments between consumers and service providers are settled on blockchain; You can enter or leave the network in a permissionless manner.Finally, we’re open source, so you can pop by and poke your head in any time you like. No centralised logs
Mysterium Network is a privacy solution at its core. It’s technologically impossible for us to store logs centrally, as traffic is distributed across our global network of residential IPs.
Pay as you go
Using our micropayments system, Hermes Protocol, you only pay for the gigabytes you actually use. No subscriptions, no monthly fees – just minute-by-minute payments.
Access what you want, when you want
Our network is blind to borders. Select any IP you like from our global list and get unlimited access to worldwide content. Mysterium VPN comes with an automatic free trial so you can take the app for a spin.




How is Mysterium VPN different from regular VPNs?


A regular VPN seems much simpler, because a company simplifies everything with a nice user interface and additional features. You can run an app in the background, or connect through a browser extension, while you access sites around the world. Your VPN provider will keep you hidden and encrypt all of your data, directing all your traffic to a remote server owned or hired by them. You can usually choose from a list of servers located across the world, so you’re able to access the internet via a secure and private connection, and unblock your content based on where a website is located. However, your protection has its limits, and you won’t be completely anonymous.
A decentralized VPN mimics the architecture of Tor more closely, but has the same ease of use as a VPN. As a peer to peer system, you plug into a global network of nodes run by people voluntarily. Unlike Tor network, all nodes are paid for providing the VPN service and keeping the network powered and safe. This dApp (decentralised application) allows people to select the connection from a list of available nodes (mostly providing residential IP addresses) from around the world. Traffic is encrypted and directed through the network, and users pay the provider for the minutes they are connected and the traffic they’re sending through those nodes.




How much does it cost to use Mysterium VPN?


Our VPN is fully pay-as-you-go, so you only pay for the gigabytes you actually use. No subscriptions, no monthly fees – just minute-by-minute payments. 1 MYST is equivalent to 10GB - 30GB of streaming. You can also top up with most popular cryptocurrencies, such as BTC, ETH, DAI, LTC etc. Navigate to Wallet and select "Top up"; - Select the amount of MYST to top up, or choose on predefined amounts. - Select your preferred currency (Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash, Dai, Ethereum, Litecoin, Tether, MYST). Transactions for Bitcoin and Litecoin can be conducted on lightning networks. - Send the indicated amount to the given address. - Once a transaction is verified, it will take up to 5 minutes until your tokens appear in your wallet.




Does Mysterium VPN work in China?


Yes, we’re very happy that our VPN works in China so we can support the community there. But this is a constant cat and mouse game, and sometimes we are blocked yet again. However, we will continue refining our bypassing techniques. We actually have a pretty nice article for you to read about this.




Do you plan on adding multi-hop routing?


At the moment, all nodes are being tested as exit nodes. This is where the whitelisting option comes into play. We will soon add relay nodes with a traffic slicing option. This will allow nodes to only accept traffic from certain domains they choose, such as blogging, social media or streaming sites (ie. Netflix). This preselected (whitelisted) traffic would run through the node, while unwanted traffic would be forwarded to the Tor network, or risk-tolerant exit nodes (eg. hosted in data centers). This will protect nodes and also provide the possibility to unblock geo-blocked content (which is not available for datacenter nodes). We are working on making this feature user friendly and globally accessible. Without client-side traffic slicing (sending only selected traffic such as Netflix via VPN) or relay nodes (a.k.a. multi-hops), using whitelisted nodes may cause additional usability problems. For example, if someone is in Iran, connects to a node which has whitelisted only streaming services, but they want to read Wikipedia, they would not get access.




My VPN app is frozen - what should I do?


Try the following: 1) Close the app and open it again; 2) Reboot/restart your phone (turn off/turn on) and computer; 3) Delete the app and reinstall it again.




Can nodes see my traffic?


In theory, this is possible. It holds with the same potential as Tor, which is that an exit node could potentially see traffic if a user is looking at unencrypted sites (eg. A site without HTTPS). The person running the exit node would have to have a sophisticated understanding and tools in order to do this, so it’s not a huge concern for network users.